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Abstract

A AMYLASE ECONOMIC AND APPLICATION VALUE

Nagib A. Elmarzugi, Hesham A. El Enshasy, Mariani AbdulHamid, RosnaniHasham, Azila Aziz, Elsayed A. Elsayed, Nor Zalina Othman, Mohamed Salama*,

ABSTRACT

The years of the research in biotechnology has boosted the importance of enzymes in industry, as well as advanced characteristics of using bioprocess rather than chemical synthesis in their preparation. Enzymes are important in biological processes because they accelerate specific biochemical reactions to produce a useful product or effect. Enzymes are widely used in industrial processes due to their low cost, large productivity and vast availability. Amylases are one of the most important enzymes in present-day biotechnology. Amylases contribute to world enzyme market about 25-30%. The estimated value of world market of amylase industry is about US$ 2.7 billion at 2012 and estimated to increase by 4% annually. α-amylase has variable wide applications. Textile de-sizing based on thermo-stable bacterial amylase covers about 12% of amylase market. α-amylase uses a very small quantity of bio-catalysis in bio-washing products instead of very high quantity of chemical detergents. In food production, enzymes are preferred to alternate the chemicalbased technology. α-amylase is strongly integrated with medical and pharmaceutical applications. These applications include therapeutic and diagnostic tools for managing a quite number of diseases ranging from ordinary problems to gene therapy by correcting the enzyme deficiency.

Keywords: Enzyme, ?-amylase, textile de-sizing, bio-washing, Starch.


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