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Abstract

NUTRITIONAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL STUDIES ON PLEUROTUS FLORIDA (MONT.) SINGER AND CALOCYBE INDICA P&C

Prabu M* and Kumuthakalavalli R

ABSTRACT

Nutritional and phytochemical analysis of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) were carriedout. The nutritional analysis results showed the presence of protein, carbohydrate, fibre, ash content and low in fat and calorific value. Extractive yield studies of selected mushrooms using 5 different polar; 5 non polar solvents revealed that higher yield extracts i.e., 19.0±0.05 in P. florida and 33.3±0.23 in C. indica could be achieved in methanol extracts. Qualitative phytochemical analysis confirmed that both the mushrooms possess the presence of pharmacologically active compounds like phenolis, flavonoids, saponins and tannins. Further subjection of both these mushrooms for quantitative analysis showed the presence of total phenol 38.06 ± 10.09 in P. florida and 30.72 ± 2.48 in C. indica and total flavonoid 1.35 ± 0.34 in P. florida and 0.80 ± 0.04 in C. indica. Thus, the study suggests that both mushroom varieties are nutrient rich; possess significant presence of aforesaid phytochemical compounds that can be explored for their medicinal properties.

Keywords: Pleurotus florida, Calocybe indica, Nutritients, Phytochemicals, Medicinal properties.


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