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Abstract

A STUDY OF WORK STRESS AND RISK OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES AMONG EMPLOYEES OF MAJMAAH UNIVERSITY, MAJMAAH, SAUDI ARABIA.

*Ahmad Nueva AlMutairy, Dr. Syed Meraj Ahmed, Anas Saad Alsaab, Abdullah Ayidh Alotaibi, Turki Mehesin Alharbi, Nawaf Mohammed Alduwayhis, Abdullah Abdulsalam Alrohaili and Wael Shaman Alotaibi

ABSTRACT

Background: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. Among the many conditions that make up CVD are coronary heart disease, stroke and other diseases of the heart such as arrhythmia, cardiomyopathy, and heart valve problems. CVD is the leading cause of death in the United States. Objectives: To study the prevalence of work related risk factors associated with cardiovascular diseases. Majmaah University, Majmaah, Saudi Arabia. Methods: This is an institutional based cross – sectional studycarried out among a sample of 127 employees, male (79, 5%) and female (20,5%), Saudi (65,9%) and non Saudi (34,1%), aged between 20 and 64 years old. We used a self-administered pre-tested questionnaire. The data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 22. Results: The studied subjects were suffering from various health problems known as elevating the cardiovascular diseases risk (diabetes mellitus, HBP …). Similarly, several factors and practices related to the working environment were found to be significantly associated with the high cardiovascular risk (sitting continuously for a long time in workplace (54,3%, p=0,007), snaking (36,2%, p=0,016), sugary drinks consumption (17,3%, p=0,001), sleep disorders (get tired and drowsiness at work) (31,7%, p=0,000), sleep less than 7 hours/day (31,5%, p=0,005), bad food habits (24,4%, p=0,014), feel stress at work (17,3%, p=0,000), overweight (7,9%, p=0,027), eat non-vegetarian food every day (26,2%, p=0,019), stress about job security (28,6%, p=0,000), unhappy with the job (14,2%, p=0,000).

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