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Abstract

AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY ON NIDANAS OF TAMAKA SHWASA W.S.R TO BRONCHIAL ASTHMA

Harsha Radhakrishnan*, Jaya Saklani Kala and Sanjay Kumar Tripathi

Abstract

In Ayurveda, the term Shwasa Roga is used to denote the broad spectrum of respiratory disorders. Tamaka Shwasa is one among the five types of Shwasa Roga. The pathogenesis of Tamaka Shwasa is attributed with Vata and Kapha as the main doshas. Aharaja and Viharaja Nidanas as well as seasonal variations contribute to the manifestation of Tamaka Shwasa. Tamaka Shwasa is curable only if it is of recent origin and the patient is having strength. The symptoms of Tamaka Shwasa are similar to that of Bronchial Asthma in modern medicine. Despite of the advances in treatment, the increasing prevalence of Bronchial Asthma may be related to detrimental changes in the environment including exposure to air allergens, cigarette smoking, childhood infections and unhealthy dietary habits. Moreover, Asthma has a multifactorial origin of both genetic and environmental factors. The comprehension about Asthma epidemiology will be helpful in decreasing the morbidity and mortality rates. This observational study was conducted in 27 patients to assess the role of Nidanas in the pathogenesis of Tamaka Shwasa. The study illustrated that Tamaka Shwasa is caused predominantly by Nidanas which vitiate Vata and Kapha Doshas.

Keywords: Tamaka Shwasa, Bronchial Asthma, Nidanas.


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