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Abstract

A CASE REPORT ON HALOPERIDOL INDUCED EXTRA PYRAMIDAL SYMPTOMS

Raveena Rajesh* and Dr. Roshiny Thankam James

Abstract

Dystonias refers to a syndrome of involuntary sustained or spasmodic muscle contractions involving co-contraction of the agonist and the antagonist. The movements are usually slow and sustained and they often occur in a repetitive and patterned manner however they can be unpredictable and fluctuate The frequent abnormal posturing and twisting can be painful and the functional impact of dystonia can vary from barely noticeable to severely disabling The options to medically manage dystonic movements have traditionally been 4 fold they consist of rehabilitative therapies, oral medications, neurochemolytic interventions surgery. Here we report a case of 18 year old male patient patient developed dystonia after oral administration of haloperidol for anxiety After 2 days patient developed muscle stiffness and reduced movements The patient was treated with clonazepam and sertraline showed gradual improvement in clinical condition Hence physicians should evaluate the patient condition physically and economically Primary management includes proper diagnosis discontinuation of offending drugs reduction of risk factors and supportive medical management.

Keywords: Haloperidol, Dystonia, Extrapyramidal symptoms.


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