WJPR Citation New

  All Since 2011
 Citation  2903  2393
 h-index  27  24
 i10-index  68  60

Login

Best Paper Awards

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR) will give best paper award in every issue in the form of money along with certificate to promote research activity of scholar.
Best Paper Award :
Dr. Dhrubo Jyoti Sen
Download Article: Click Here

Search

Track Your Article

Abstract

BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION: A NARRATIVE LITERATURE REVIEW ANALYSING THE FACTORS INFLUENCING THIS PRACTICE

Dororta Lesiak*

Abstract

Background: Breast cancer could be detected in many ways, breast self-examination is known to be the best way to elicit breast lumps. However, breast screening programmes using mammogram has been adapted in many developed countries for an early detection of the palpable or non-palpable breast cancers. Sometimes, breast cancer is detected incidentally during a routine clinical examination by a health professional or seen in imaging which was performed to unrelated problem. Objective: Assessment of knowledge, awareness, attitude, and current practices related to breast self-examination (BSE) and associated factors among women in different parts of the world. Methods: This study is a narrative review of the available medical literature related to BSE. We have used the internet searching different bibliographic databases published in English, that exploring the practice of BSE in different parts of the world. Nine papers published in the period between 2006- 2020 had been included in the study with 2883 participants. Results: A total of 09 studies has been identified (2883 participants). Lack of BSE practice still seen with significant number of women, it is a multifactorial phenomena, those could be individual patient related or a community related as socio-demographic status of the area. The level of education has a significant impact on the awareness about breast cancer and BSE practice. The regular BSE rate varies between 4-35% with an overall average of 22%. Conclusion: Strategies to improve BSE awareness and practice among females is needed to be addressed in particular in the areas of low socio-economic status, the tele-medicine is a useful tool if resources are available.

Keywords: Breast cancer, Breast self-examination, Mammogram.


[Full Text Article]

Call for Paper

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR)
Read More

Email & SMS Alert

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR)
Read More

Article Statistics

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR)
Read More

Online Submission

World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (WJPR)
Read More