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Abstract

BIOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL STUDY ON JAMUN (SYZYGIUM CUMINI LINN.) LEAVES- A PROMISING ANTIDIABETIC DRUG

Pooja Patel*, Resham Fatma, Archana Nigam and Manoj Tripathi

Abstract

Syzygium cumini Linn Family Myrtaceae is known as known as Jamun in Hindi and Jambu in Sanskrit. Jamun is a native of India found in tropical and subtropical regions. Different parts of the plant are used in Ayurveda, Unani and traditional medicinal systems. The present study provides a detailed account of the biochemical investigation and physico-chemical study carried out on Jamun leaves. The study includes macroscopic study, powder microscopic studies, florescence study, bio-chemical investigation, physicochemical tests like solubility, moisture contents, ash value and development of HPTLC (High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography) fingerprints profile. Physicochemical tests were performed in triplicate and average values were calculated. HPTLC (High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography) fingerprints profile was developed and major spots Rf values and colour were recorded. Established parameters can be used as standards for quality control and identification of the plant in herbal compound formulations and also preparation of a monograph of the plant.

Keywords: Syzygium cumini, bio-chemical investigation, florescence, powder microscopy.


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