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Abstract

REVIEW ARTICLE ON SANDHIGATVATA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO OSTEOARTHRITIS

Dr. Suchita Arvind Patil* and Dr. Hiraman Warungase

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Abstract

Sandhigata Vata is the commonest form of articular disorder. It is a type of Vatavyadhi which mainly occurs in Vriddhavastha due to Dhatukshaya, which limits everyday activities such as walking, dressing, bathing etc. thus making patient disabled / handicapped. It being a Vatavyadhi, located in Marmasthisandhi and its occurrence in old age makes it Kashtasadhya. Vata Dosha plays main role in the disease. Shula Pradhana Vedana is the cardinal feature of the disease associated with Sandhishotha with Vata Purna Druti Sparsha, lack of movements of the joints or painful movement of the joints. In the present era Sandhivata is the most common disease affecting a large population. Sandhivata term is derived from words as “Sandhi” and “Vata”. When Vata lodges in Sandhi (joints), it is characterized by pain, swelling, and restriction of joint movement. The clinical presentation of Sandhivata closely mimics with the disorder called Osteoarthritis which is the second most common rheumatologic problem.

Keywords: Sandhigatvata, Osteoarthritis, Vata Vyadhi.


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