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Abstract

SADHAK PITTA ROLE IN NIDRA

Dr. Anjnee Bijlwan*, Dr. Satakshi Chauhan and Dr. Shaveta Sawhney

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Abstract

„Pitta‟ represents all forms of metabolic activities that generate energy. Sadhak Pitta is one of the five subtypes of Pitta. “Sadhak” means to achieve or that, which enables one to achieve things. Heart (Hrdaya) is said to be the seat of Sadhak Pitta. But the functions of Sadhak Pitta point out towards functions of higher centers in brain. It governs the brain and heart together and is associated with the transformation of emotions, life experiences and stress as well. In Ayurvedic texts it has been clearly mentioned that Sadhak Pitta actually helps to achieve things we desire by energizing the mind, intellect and ego. Thus, this form of pitta could be considered important to keep mind alert and awake and also clears Tamas or darkness around the Hrdaya. The brain and heart are closely connected and when Sadhak Pitta is out of balance, it prevents the blossoming of happiness in one‟s heart which has a significant effect on one‟s Nidra. People with Sadhak Pitta imbalance suffer with disturbance in their sleep pattern. Ayurveda recognizes the significance of Nidra and has considered it as an „Upstambha‟ of life. It is a proven fact that, sleep is affected by different neurotransmitters secreted from brain, helps maintaining the circadian rhythm for proper sleep-wake cycle and affects REM Sleep as well, which is essential for maintaining mental well-being of an individual. Serotonin, dopamine etc. are some of the known neurotransmitters responsible for maintaining sleep-wake cycle as well as known for their mood stabilizing affect, which is similar to the functions of Sadhak Pitta. Through this article correlation of Sadhak Pitta with modern medical science with respect to Nidra has been mentioned.

Keywords: Sadhak Pitta, Ayurveda, Nidra, Upstambha, Hrdaya, REM sleep.


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